1999 – Royce W. Murray

Chemically Modified Electrodes 25 Years Later

Our first research on designed chemical bonding of monolayers of chemical species to electrode surfaces began in 1974 and was reported in Analytical Chemistry in 1975. This lecture will trace some consequences of the chemically modified electrode idea from then to the present. The 1970's emphasis on monolayers thickened in the 1980's to ultrathin polymer films and thinned again in the 1990's to self-assembled monolayers and monolayers in three dimensions. The idea has been augmented by inventions of many laboratories and by mergers with other, diverse lines of interest such as model organic surfaces, solid state transport, high temperature superconductors and quantum particles. These merges illustrate the interdependencies of progress in science.